Steam Deck: Everything we know about Valve’s handheld gaming PC


We're just a month or two away from the launch of Valve's Steam Deck, a handheld gaming PC that Valve intends to be able to play your entire Steam library. One part Nintendo Switch, one part gaming PC, the Steam Deck is a handheld gaming system with some serious power underneath its screen.

The Steam Deck isn't just a game console. It's a PC, which means you can plug it into a monitor or TV, hook up controllers or a mouse and keyboard, even install Windows if you prefer. As with any PC, you can use launchers other than Steam and even take it apart if you want to. But the Steam Deck has some unique features that give it a more streamlined console-like experience. The new version of SteamOS, Valve's Linux-based operating system, will be able to seamlessly play games that were built for Windows thanks to a compatibility tool called Proton. The system can suspend and resume games, too, and supports some fancy new AMD graphics features.

Here's everything you need to know about the Steam Deck.

Steam Deck release date

When is the Steam Deck release date?

The Steam Deck will launch in February 2022. While the Steam Deck was originally planned to ship in late 2021, ongoing hardware shortages forced Valve to push the launch back by several months. In an interview with PC Gamer in late December, however, Valve confirmed that it's still on track for February, so don't expect another delay.

That said, unless you've already preordered a Steam Deck, you won't be getting one in February. Valve's shipping estimate for orders placed now is “After Q2 2022,” which could be many months out.

Currently a Steam Deck can be reserved if you put down a $5 (£4) deposit. That $5 deposit will go toward the cost of the Steam Deck if you do decide to follow through and order one. It'll be refunded if you change your mind and decide to cancel. 

“When inventory is available, customers will be notified in the order reservations were made to make their purchase,” says Valve.

The Steam Deck is currently only available to reserve for the US, UK, Canada and the European Union, but Valve has told us that it wants to make the Deck available to order in more countries when it can. There are currently no plans to sell the Steam Deck in stores, so buying it from Valve directly will be the only option for the foreseeable future.

Steam Deck Price

Valve's Steam Deck with Hades ready to launch on screen

(Image credit: Future)

How much does the Steam Deck cost?

The price of the Steam Deck depends on which version you want, and there are three different versions based on storage size. The Steam Deck costs:

  • $399 for the 64GB version
  • $529 for the 256GB version
  • $649 for the 512GB version 

The more expensive versions of the Steam Deck feature faster NVMe SSD storage, while the cheapest is listed with a 64GB eMMC (embedded multi-media card) storage solution. All three versions will let you increase storage space with a MicroSD card, at least.

If you plan to upgrade the storage, you'll likely want to spend a bit more cash on a faster MicroSD card for quicker loading times. It will also be possible to replace and upgrade the SSD with a larger model, though that may not be a great option—Valve says that it chose the SSD in the Deck for its speed and to avoid electromagnetic interference with other components, so you shouldn't expect any random off-the-shelf part to measure up.

Valve did a Steam Deck teardown

Here's a quick teardown video of the Steam Deck

Valve doesn't recommend you take apart the Steam Deck, but it showed us how to do it anyway. Take a look: 

Steam Deck Specs

Valve's Steam Deck with Netflix on screen

(Image credit: Future)

What are the Steam Deck specs?

The Steam Deck specifications were revealed by Valve alongside the console itself, which means we know all about what lies beneath the console's 7-inch screen.

The most important thing to note for PC gamers is that the Steam Deck runs on an AMD APU, and one we're yet to see elsewhere. This chip is built around two key AMD architectures: Zen 2 and RDNA 2.

The Zen 2 architecture is the same one found within AMD Ryzen 3000 processors, and within the Steam Deck reside four Zen 2 cores, capable of eight threads, ready and waiting for your portable gaming needs.

The RDNA 2 architecture is behind the handheld PC's graphical grunt. The Steam Deck comes with 8 Compute Units (CUs) for a total of 512 cores. That's not a massive amount—the Xbox Series S comes with 20 RDNA 2 CUs—but it appears enough to get by at 720p without too much hassle.

Steam Deck specs
Steam Deck
CPU AMD Zen 2
Core count 4-core/8-thread
CPU clock speed 2.4–3.5GHz
GPU AMD RDNA 2
GPU Compute Units 8
GPU clock speed 1–1.6GHz
RAM 16GB LPDDR5 @ 5,500MT/s 32-bit quad-channel
Storage 64GB eMMC / 256GB NVMe SSD / 512GB NVMe SSD
Display 7-inch LCD touchscreen
Resolution 1280 x 800
Refresh rate 60Hz
Audio Stereo speakers, 3.5mm jack, dual mics, USB Type-C/Bluetooth
Connectivity Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, USB Type-C with DisplayPort 1.4 support
Battery 40Whr
Size 11.7 x 4.6 x 1.8-inch (298 x 117 x 49mm)
Weight Approximately 1.47 lbs (669 grams)
Price $399 (64GB) / $529 (256GB) / $649 (512GB)

As mentioned before, there are three different storage configurations for the Steam Deck: 64GB, 256GB, and 512GB. 

Ideally, we'd all pick up the 512GB model. Games are big and anything smaller than that is going to feel a tight squeeze. It's also kitted out with a speedy NVMe SSD, which allows for bandwidth upwards of 3,000MB/s. That really depends on Valve's choice of SSD, however. Speeds vary quite a lot between drives. 

The 256GB model is similarly quick, and would be a suitable pick for those willing to put up with slightly less storage space.

As for the 64GB model, we're not quite as convinced. It's built using an eMMC drive, which won't match an NVMe SSD in terms of speed, but most of all its slim capacity is almost unimaginable for a gaming PC. Perhaps as an indie machine, but then you might be better off buying a Nintendo Switch.

All three offer MicroSD for further expansion, and we suspect the faster the MicroSD, the better for optimal game load times.

Valve's decided upon a 1280 x 800 display through which you'll enjoy your games on-the-go. A 60Hz LCD panel with 400-nits brightness, there's not a great deal to write home about in regards to the Steam Deck's touchscreen. However, seeing as it's only 7-inches big, its shortcomings may not be as immediately noticeable as one of the best gaming monitors.

Lastly, Valve corrected the RAM specification for the Stream Deck, actually improving the memory specification beyond what it had first announced. We're now looking at 16GB of quad-channel LPDDR5 at 5,500MT/s, instead of the dual-channel RAM that was first listed. That's a big deal for an APU-powered machine like this—the more memory bandwidth, the merrier.

Steam Deck gaming performance

Steam Deck on a purple background with Cyberpunk 2077 on the screen

(Image credit: Future)

What is the Steam Deck's gaming performance like?

Valve has stated that it has a basic 30 fps target for general gaming performance on the Steam Deck, and with the recently leaked frame rate figures shown by the developer kits out in the wild, that certainly looks the case.

A user in China has got their hands on a dev kit and has published a number of benchmarks of graphically intensive modern games. And DOTA 2. They've tested Shadow of the Tomb Raider, DOOM, and Cyberpunk 2077, too, so you do get a decent spread of performance.

Settings Average frame rate
Shadow of the Tomb Raider Highest | Custom 30 fps | 60 fps
DOOM Custom | Medium 46 fps | 60 fps
Cyberpunk 2077 High 20 – 30 fps
DOTA 2 Highest | Low 47 fps | 80 fps

As you might expect, Cyberpunk is tough on the AMD silicon at the heart of the Deck, but that's with the gaming running on the High preset. Knock the fidelity settings down a few notches and you'll be able to get smooth gaming frame rates at Medium or Low settings.

Considering just how visually intensive the game is, that's seriously impressive.

Also impressive are those Shadow of the Tomb Raider figures. Being able to hit 60 fps in the most recent of Lara's jaunts, without resorting to potato settings, means the Steam Deck is genuinely going to be a handheld gaming PC contender. 

DOOM, too, is able to deliver 60 fps when using the Medium preset, and DOTA 2, though not the most intensive game out there, is still able to run at its highest preset at 47 fps.

And, considering this is non-native Linux gaming running on pre-release hardware, the fact that Cyberpunk 2077 was the only game to crash—and even then only once—well, that's pretty damned impressive.

In an FAQ for game developers who were interested in some of the finer details of the Steam Deck hardware, Valve offered up some exciting tidbits about what AMD's APU will be able to do. Here's a couple key quotes: 

“The Steam Deck hardware already supports [Vulkan dynamic rendering], and the work is already in progress to support dynamic rendering on the software side, with drivers that support the feature.”

“[AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution] is already available for some applications that support it. Games that already include FSR will work as is, but also FSR support will be included as part of an OS future release. Once that happens, games could potentially make use of FSR even if the games themselves don't natively support it.”

Steam Deck FAQ

Is the Steam Deck any good?

We’ve had a man at Valve to try and answer that very question. Wes Fenlon writes in his Steam Deck hands-on impressions that “When it works, you can almost forget that the games you’re playing on the Steam Deck were never designed for a portable machine.”

Sure sounds like high praise for Valve’s maiden handheld. It’s still early days for the Steam Deck, though, and the model Wes used was months away from the finished product. We suspect most of the work from now on will be on the software side of things, primarily Steam OS.

“SteamOS 3’s new design looks great, but it isn’t as seamless yet as a console UI. But Valve has months left to work out these bugs. And for the most part, it just worked.”

A promising glimpse of what’s to come, that’s for sure.

How do I check my Steam Deck delivery date?

If you head to the Steam Deck store page on the account which you made your Steam Deck reservation, you will find an expected order availability listed beneath the cancel button (don’t press this).

A word of warning, however: a few members of the PC Gamer team with reservations are yet to see an order availability update on the store page. We expect updates over the course of the next few days, so sit tight.

Does the Steam Deck have a kickstand?

That’s a hard ‘no’ from Valve itself. Though in the press images you can see the Deck sitting in a dock, which props the device up at an angle so you can see the screen. Whether this is the promised USB Type-C Deck dock Valve has been talking about pre-launch, or an off-the-shelf number we don’t yet know.

What game will run on the Steam Deck?

Valve has been talking about game performance on its new handheld gaming PC and says “All the games we want to be playable is, really, the entire Steam library. We haven’t really found something we could throw at this device that it couldn’t handle.”

“We’ve achieved the level of performance that is required to really run the latest generation of games without problems.”

The fact that Valve has been testing games from the last year on the Deck without issue suggests that maybe SteamOS 3.0’s update to Proton will give greater compatibility for Windows-based games on its Linux operating system.

We know that one issue with Proton, which prevents some online games from running using it, boils down to anti-cheat software incompatibility. That could be solved in the near-future, however, as the founder of Garry’s Mod and Rust studio Facepunch Studios has confirmed the studio is helping Easy Anti Cheat on its quest to improve Proton support

Is the Steam Deck bigger than the Nintendo Switch?

A bit, yes. Okay, a lot, actually. For comparison, the Nintendo Switch (standard version) is 9.4″ x 4″ x .55″ and weighs just under a pound. So the Steam Deck is a couple inches wider, half an inch taller taller, considerably thicker and a bit heavier than the Switch. In person the Steam Deck looks startlingly big, but it’s actually quite comfortable to hold.

Anything I should be concerned about?

Well, yeah. Battery life doesn’t sound especially stellar, with Valve developer Pierre-Loup Griffais telling IGN: “It’s about 2-8 hours, depending on what you’re doing. You can play Portal 2 for four hours on this thing. If you limit it to 30 fps, you’re going to be playing for 5-6 hours.”

That’s not a heck of a long time for gaming without the device needing to be plugged in or recharged, and more demanding games will take a bigger toll on the battery than 2011’s Portal 2. That could be a real issue if you want to take your Deck with you while traveling or if you’re away from an electrical outlet for a while.

Does the Steam Deck come with a dock, like the Nintendo Switch?

There is a dock, but it’s sold separately. Like the Switch, there’s a dock for the Steam Deck that will allow you to connect it to your TV or a monitor. The USB Type-C dock will provide DisplayPort and HDMI output, an Ethernet adapter, and three USB inputs.

The dock doesn’t come with the Steam Deck, though. Valve hasn’t yet revealed how much the dock will cost or when it’ll be available to order. But you also won’t need a special dock to hook the Steam Deck up to other devices: you can just use a cheap USB-C hub to do the job.

Can I use the Steam Deck for more than just Steam games?

You can—potentially a lot more. Just like your PC, the Steam Deck is intended to be an open platform. You can install Windows on a Steam Deck and even install other game storefronts like the Epic Store (you probably have a pile of free games in that library) or Xbox Game Pass. We just don’t really know how well non-Steam games will work on the Steam Deck, but it’s an exciting idea that you might be able to play games from your other libraries on the Steam Deck, too.

You can even wipe SteamOS off the Steam Deck completely and just use it to run Windows, according to IGN, who got some hands-on time with the device. Pierre-Loup Griffais told IGN the Steam Deck “can pretty much run anything you can run on a PC.”

“We don’t think people should be locked into a certain direction or a certain set of software that they can install,” Valve designer Lawrence Yang said. “If you buy a Steam Deck, it’s a PC. You can install whatever you want on it, you can attach any peripherals you want to it.”

If all that isn’t enough information for you, you can visit the official Steam Deck website here

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